How custom CNC machines are Grouped

by Thomas E.

Custom CNC machines become more useful by the day. They can be used for commercial as well as recreational purposes. With a custom CNC machine, you could make several things just for yourself, like model cars and artworks. Yes, this is indeed exciting even though not just anyone can operate a custom CNC machine. In this article, we shall discuss what you need to know before operating a custom CNC machine, and how CNC machines are grouped into classes. But first, let’s look at the classes of these machines.

How CNC Machines are classified

CNC, which fully stands for Computer Numerical Control, are of numerous types. To understand them fully, they are separated into segments, using different metrics. These includes:

  • Functions

Here, CNC’s are grouped based on what they do. This class further divides into 5 CNC subdivisions according to their machine part. These CNC machines include drillers, lathes, millers, grinders, and plasma cutters.

  • Motion

The motion of the CNC machine forms another metric by which it is classified. These include the contouring and point-point systems.

  • Axis

The number of the axis of the CNC machine is another basis for classification. CNC machines are further subdivided into 5 groups based on their axis. These are the 2-axis, 2.5-axis, 3-axis, 4-axis, and 5-axis CNC machines.

  • Control loop

This classification of CNC machines is decided upon by the type of communication system between the motor and controller. It includes the closed-loop and the open-loop classes of the CNC machine.

Before you try operating a CNC machine on your own, you should note the following;

  • Use a decent-sized cutter. There are various sizes of CNC machine cutters. However, as a beginner, you should start small. Do not try using CNC cutters that are a few sizes too big. You must handle your machine cutter with care to avoid sustaining injuries.
  • Understand the G-programming language (G-code). The G-code is the programming language used to control the operations of the CNC machine. Without possessing knowledge of the G-programming language, it would be of no use owning a CNC machine as you would be unable to program it.
  • Abide by preventive and safety measures. In operating a CNC milling machine, you have to ensure your safety at all times. You have to fully understand and follow the safety rules of your working environment and the CNC machine.
  • You should know how to use the CNCs precision inspection equipment. One of the main advantages of a custom CNC machine is its precision. Without this feature of the custom CNC machine, its products will not come out with as much precision.
  • Although it is up to you to troubleshoot simple tasks, it is something that you should not dismiss. Minor maintenance issues would come up at some point while using your CNC machine, and you should be able to rectify these issues when they arise.

Wrapping up

Indeed, operating a CNC machine of your own is a big task. You could very much avoid the stress by getting yourself a custom CNC machine service at and still enjoy the benefits of a custom CNC machine.

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